Humans have a well-documented tendency to see winning and losing streaks in situations that, in fact, are random. But scientists disagree about whether the hot-hand bias is a cultural artifact picked up in childhood or a predisposition deeply ingrained in the structure of our cognitive architecture.
American children learn the meanings of number words gradually: First they understand one, then they add two, three, and four, in sequence. At that point, however, a dramatic shift in understanding takes place, and children grasp the meanings of not only five and six, but all of the number words they know.
Richard Aslin, the William R. Kenan Professor of Brain and Cognitive Sciences and director of the Rochester Center for Brain Imaging at the University of Rochester, was inducted into the National Academy of Sciences at its 151st annual meeting in Washington, D.C.
Find a space with total darkness and slowly move your hand from side to side in front of your face. What do you see? If the answer is a shadowy shape moving past, you are probably not imagining things.
A brief visual task can predict IQ, according to a new study. This surprisingly simple exercise measures the brains unconscious ability to filter out visual movement. The study shows that individuals whose brains are better at automatically suppressing background motion perform better on standard measures of intelligence.
Children with autism see simple movement twice as quickly as other children their age, and this hypersensitivity to motion may provide clues to a fundamental cause of the developmental disorder, according to a new study.
Opposing thumbs, expressive faces, complex social systems: its hard to miss the similarities between apes and humans. Now a new study with a troop of zoo baboons and lots of peanuts shows that a less obvious traitthe ability to understand numbersalso is shared by man and his primate cousins.
Using brain scans of children and adults watching Sesame Street, cognitive scientists are learning how childrens brains change as they develop intellectual abilities like reading and math.
Cognitive scientists have good news for linguistic purists terrified about the corruption of their mother tongue.
For the past four decades, the marshmallow test has served as a classic experimental measure of childrens self-control: will a preschooler eat one of the fluffy white confections now or hold out for two later?
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