Michael K. Tanenhaus

Mike Tanenhaus

Contact Information

  • Meliora 420
  • Brain & Cognitive Sciences
  • University of Rochester
  • Rochester, NY 14627-0268
  • (585) 275-5491 (office)

Office Hours

By appointment.

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Research Overview

My research focuses on the mechanisms underlying real-time spoken language and reading comprehension. As we are listening or reading, we develop interpretations without waiting until the ends of words, phrases or sentences. This process requires continuous coordination of different types of linguistic and non-linguistic information. Moreover, the sequential nature of the input means that numerous temporary ambiguities routinely arise.

Much of my recent research uses ambiguity resolution as a vehicle for examining how information is coordinated during real-time language processing, addressing questions such as: (a) how is information from different linguistic subsystems represented, accessed, and combined; (b) how are linguistic and conceptual representations integrated and how do they interact during processing; (c) to what extent is language processing accomplished by specialized modules that operate according to principles unique to language (as contrasted with more general principles of information integration common to other perceptual and cognitive domains). A particular focus of this work has been on lexical representation and processing within a constraint-based framework. My research examining this issues makes use of a variety of experimental methods as well as computational models.

Most recently, my students and I have been using a lightweight head-mounted eye-tracker to monitor subjects' eye-movements as they follow spoken instructions to manipulate real objects (e.g., Put the candle that's on the towel into the box). Eye-movements to the objects are precisely time-locked to relevant information in the instruction as it unfolds, making it possible to study the comprehension of spoken language in real-time with natural tasks in real-world contexts. We are applying this methodology to a range of issues in spoken word recognition, syntactic and semantic processing, and discourse comprehension.

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Selected Publications

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Refereed Journal Articles

Edited Books

  • Trueswell, J.C. & Tanenhaus, M.K., (Eds.) (2005). Processing world-situated language: Bridging the language-as-action and language-as-product traditions. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.
  • Carlson, G. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (Eds.) (1988). Linguistic structure in language processing. Reidel Press.
  • Small, S., Cottrell, G. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (Eds.). (1988). Lexical ambiguity resolution and language comprehension: Computational, psycholinguistic and neurolinguistic perspectives. San Diego, CA: Morgan-Kaufman.

Book Chapters

  • Tanenhaus, M.K. & Grodner, D. (to appear). Empirical studies of sentence processing. In M. J. Spivey, K. McRae & M. Jonnaise (Eds.) Cambridge Handbook of Psycholinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Heller, D., Grodner, D., Tanenhaus, M.K. (in press) The real-time use of information about common ground in restricting domains of reference
  • Klein, N.M., Gegg-Harrison, W., Sussman, R.S., Carlson, G.N. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (in press). Weak definites: rich but not strong, special, but not unique.
  • Byron, D., Brown-Schmidt, S.B. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2008). The overlapping distribution of personal and demonstrative pronouns. In J. K. Gundel & N. Hedberg (ed). Reference: an interdisciplinary cognitive science perspective, pps. 143-175. Oxford:Oxford University Press.
  • Tanenhaus, M. K. (2007). Spoken language comprehension: insights from eye movements. In G. Gaskell (Eds.), pps. 309-326. Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K. (2007). Eye movements and spoken language processing. In R.P.G van Gompel, M. H. Fischer, W. S., Murray, & R. L. Hill, (Eds.). Eye movements: A window on mind and brain, pps. 309-326. Oxford: Elsevier
  • Dahan, D.,Tanenhaus, M.K. & Salverda, A.P. (2007). How visual information influences phonetically-driven saccades to pictures: effects of preview and position in display. In R. P. G. van Gompel, Fischer, M. H., Murray, W. S., & Hill, R. L. (Eds.). Eye movements: A window on mind and brain. Oxford: Elsevier.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K. & Trueswell, J.C. (2006). Eye movements and spoken language comprehension. In M. Traxler & M. Gernsbacher (Eds.). Handbook of Psycholinguistics: second edition, pps. 863-900. Academic Press, Elesevier: New York.
  • Arnold, J.E & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2007). Disfluency effects in comprehension: how new information can become accessible. In E. Gibson & N. Pearlmutter (eds). Referential processing in adults and children. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press
  • Watson, D.G., Gunlogson, C.A. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2006). On-line methods for the investigation of prosody. In I. Mleinek, ed. Methods in Empirical Prosody Research. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Runner, J. T., Sussman, R.S. & Tanenhaus, M. K. (2005). Reflexives and pronouns in picture noun phrases: using eye movements as a source of linguistic evidence. In S. Kepser & M. Reis (Eds.) Linguistic Evidence: Empirical. Theoretical and Computational Perspectives. New York:. Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Trueswell, J.C. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2005). Preface. In J.C. Trueswell & M.K. Tanenhaus, (eds). Processing world-situated Language: Bridging the language-as-action and language-as-product traditions. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K. & Trueswell, J.C. (2005). Using eye movements to bridge the language as action and language as product traditions. In J.C. Trueswell & M.K. Tanenhaus, (eds). Processing world-situated Language: Bridging the language-as-action and language-as-product traditions. MIT Press.
  • Brown-Schmidt, S., Campana, E. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2005). Real-time reference resolution in a referential communication task. In J.C. Trueswell & M.K. Tanenhaus, (eds). Processing world-situated language: Bridging the language-as-action and language-as-product traditions. MIT Press.
  • Hanna, J.E & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2005). The use of perspective during referential interpretation. In J.C. Trueswell & M.K. Tanenhaus, (eds). Processing world-situated Language: Bridging the language-as-action and language-as-product traditions. MIT Press.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K. (2004). On-line sentence processing: past, present and, future. In M. Carreiras and C. Clifton, Jr. (eds). On-line sentence processing: ERPS, eye movements and beyond. Psychology Press, pp. 371-392.
  • Brown-Schmidt, S.B., Byron, D. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2004). That’s not it and "its" not "that": The role of conceptual composites in in-line reference resolution. In M. Carreiras and C. Clifton, Jr. (eds). On-line sentence processing: ERPS, eye movements and beyond. Psychology Press, pps. 209-228.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K., Chambers, C.G. & Hanna, J.E. (2004). Referential domains in spoken language comprehension: Using eye movements to bridge the product and action traditions. In J.M. Henderson & F. Ferreira (Eds.), The Interface of language, vision, and action: Eye movements and the visual world, pp. 279-318. New York: Psychology Press.
  • Filip, H., Tanenhaus, M.K., Carlson, G., Allopenna, P. & Blatt, J. (2002). Reduced relatives judged hard require constraint-based analysis. In P. Merlo & S. Stevenson Eds). Lexical representation and sentence processing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K., Spivey-Knowlton, M.J. & Hanna, J. E. (2000). Modeling thematic and discourse context effects on syntactic ambiguity resolution within a multiple constraints framework: Implications for the architecture of the language processing system. In M. Pickering, C. Clifton & M. Crocker (Eds.). Architecture and mechanisms of the language processing system. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Hudson-D’Zmura, S.B. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (l998). Assigning antecedents to ambiguous pronouns: The role of the center of attention as the default assignment. In: E. Prince, A. Joshi & M. Walker (Eds.). Centering in Discourse. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Spivey-Knowlton, M.J., Tanenhaus, M.K., Eberhard, K.M. & J. & Sedivy, J.C. (l998) Integration of visuospatial and linguistic information: Language comprehension in real-time and real-space. In P. Olivier & K. Gapp (Eds.) Representation and processing of spatial expressions. Hillsdale, N.J. Lawrence Erlbaum and Associates.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K., Spivey-Knowlton, M.J., Eberhard, K.M. & Sedivy, J.C. (l996). Using eye-movements to study spoken language comprehension: Evidence for visually-mediated incremental interpretation. In T. Inui & J.L. McClelland (Eds.). Attention & Performance XVI: Information integration in perception and communication, pp.457-478. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K. & Trueswell, J.C. (1995). Sentence comprehension. In: J.L. Miller & P.D. Eimas (Eds.). Handbook of perception and cognition Vol. 11: Speech, language and communication, 217-262. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
  • Tabossi, P., Spivey-Knowlton, M.J., McRae, K. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (1994). Semantic effects on syntactic ambiguity resolution. Evidence for a constraint-based resolution process. Attention & Performance XV. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Trueswell, J.C. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (1994). Toward a lexicalist framework for constraint-based syntactic ambiguity resolution. In: Clifton, Frazier & Rayner (Eds.). Perspectives on Sentence Processing, 155-179. Hillsdale, NJ: LEA Press.
  • Spivey-Knowlton, M.J. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (1994). Referential context and syntactic ambiguity resolution. In: Clifton, Frazier & Rayner (Eds.). Perspectives on Sentence Processing. Hillsdale, NJ: LEA Press.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K., Boland, J.E., Mauner, G.N. & Carlson, G. (1993). More on combinatory lexical information: Thematic effects in parsing and interpretation. In G. Altmann & R. Shillcock (Eds.). Cognitive Processes in Speech Comprehension: The Second Sperlonga Workshop. Hillsdale, NJ: LEA Press.
  • Boland, J.E. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (1991). The role of lexical representations in sentence processing. In: G. Simpson (Ed.), Understanding word and sentence, 331-366. New York: North-Holland.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K., Garnsey, S.M. & Boland, J.E. (1991). Combinatory lexical information and language comprehension. In G. Altmann (Ed.), Cognitive Models of Speech Processing: Psycholinguistic and computational perspectives. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K. & Carlson, G.N. (1989). Lexical structure and language comprehension. In Marslen-Wilson (Ed.), Lexical Representation and Process. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K., Dell, G.S. & Carlson, G. (1987). Context effects in lexical processing: A connectionist approach to modularity. In: J. Garfield (Ed.), Modularity in knowledge representation and natural language understanding, 83-108. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Carlson, G.N. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (1988). Introduction. In G. Carlson & M. K. Tanenhaus (Eds.), Linguistic structure in language processing. Reidel Press.
  • Carlson, G.N. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (1988). Thematic roles and language comprehension. In: W. Wilkins (Ed.), Thematic Relations, 263-288. New York: Academic Press.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K. (1988). Psycholinguistics: An overview. In: F. Newmeyer (Ed.), Linguistics: The Cambridge Survey: Vol. IV. Psychological and Biological Perspectives, 1-37. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K., Burgess, R.C. & Seidenberg, M.S. (1988). Is multiple access an artifact of backward priming? In: S. Small, G. Cottrell, & M. K. Tanenhaus (Eds.), Lexical ambiguity and language comprehension. San Diego, CA: Morgan-Kaufman.
  • Seidenberg, M.S. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (1986). Modularity and lexical access. In: I. Gopnik & M. Gopnik (Eds.), From Models to Modules: Studies in Cognitive Science, 135-157. Norwood, NJ: Ablex Press.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K., Carlson, G. & Seidenberg, M.S. (1985). Do listeners compute linguistic representations? In: D. Dowty, L. Kartunnen & A. Zwicky (Eds.), Natural Language Parsing: Psychological, Computational, and Theoretical Perspectives, 359-408. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Carroll, J.M., Tanenhaus, M.K. & Bever, T.G. (1978). The perception of relations: The interaction of structural, functional and contextual factors in the segmentation of speech. In: W. J. M. Levelt & G. Flores d'Arcais (Eds.), Studies in the Perception of Language, 187-218. New York: John Wiley & Son.

Refereed Proceedings Papers

  • Cook, Susan Wagner & Tanenhaus (2008). In Proceedings of the 307th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Carlson, G., Sussman, R.S., Klein, N. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2007). Weak definite noun phrases. In Proceedings of the Northeastern Linguistics Society (NELS).
  • Storto, G. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2007). Are scalar implicatures computed online? In A. Alcazar, R. Mayoral Hernandez & M.T. Martinez (eds), Proceedings of the Western Conference on Linguistics 2004. Fresno: California State University at Fresno.
  • Kaiser, E., Runner, J.T., Sussman, R.S. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2007). The Interpretation of Pronouns and Reflexives in Picture Noun Phrases: Effects of Non-structural Factors. In A. Alcazar, R. Mayoral Hernandez & M.T. Martinez (eds), Proceedings of the Western Conference on Linguistics 2004. Fresno: California State University at Fresno.
  • Storto, G. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2005). Are scalar implicatures computed online? In E. Maeir, Bary, C. & Huitink (Eds.) In Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeuting 9, pp. 431-445, Nijmegen: Nijmegen Centre for Semantics.
  • Aist, G., Campana, E., Allen, J. F. Rotondo, M., Swift M.D. and Tanenhaus, M. K. (2005). Variations along the contextual continuum in task-oriented speech. In Proceedings of the 27th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Stresa, Italy. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 79-84.
  • Campana, E., Silverman, L., Tanenhaus, M.K., Bennetto, L. and Packard, S. (2005). Real-time integration of gesture and speech during reference resolution. In Proceedings of the 27th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Stresa, Italy. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 378-383.
  • Campana, E., Silverman, L. Tanenhaus, M. K. and Bennetto, L. (2004). Iconic Gesture Production in Controlled Referential Domains. In Proceedings of the 26th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Chicago, IL. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Campana, E., Tanenhaus, M. K., Allen, J. F. and Remington, R.W. (2004). "Evaluating Cognitive Load in Spoken Language Interfaces using a Dual-Task Paradigm." In Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing (ICSLP). Jeju Island, Korea.
  • Runner, J.T., Sussman, R. S. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2004). The Influence of Binding Theory on the on-line reference resolution of pronouns. In Proceedings of the Northeastern Linguistics Society Meetings.
  • Brown-Schmidt, S.G. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2003). Referential domains and the interpretation of referring expressions in interactive conversation. Proceedings of Diabruck: Seventh international workshop on the semantics and pragmatics of dialogue. Saarbruken, Germany.
  • Chambers, G.C., Magnuson, JS. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2002). Definite reference and the dynamics of discourse models and syntactic ambiguity resolution. Proceedings of the sixth international workshop on the semantics and pragmatics of dialogue.
  • Runner, J. T., Sussman, R.S. and Tanenhaus, M. K. (2002). Logophors in possessed picture noun phrases. In L. Mikkelsen & C. Potts, (Eds.) Proceedings of the West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics (WCCFL) 21 401-414. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.
  • Brown-Schmidt, S., Campana, E. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2002). Reference resolution in the wild: on-line circumscription of referential domains in an unscripted interactive problem-solving task. Proceedings of the 2002 Meetings of the Cognitive Science Society.
  • Swift, M.D., Campana, E., Allen, J.F. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2002). Eye movements as an evaluation tool for speech synthesis. Proceedings of the IEEE workshop on speech technology.
  • Swift, M.D., Campana, E., Allen, J.F. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2002). Incremental referential domain circumscription during processing of natural and synthesized speech. Proceedings of the 2002 Meetings of the Cognitive Science Society.
  • Magnuson, J.S., Tanenhaus, M.K. & Aslin, R.N. (2002). Interaction of syntactic and referential constraints on spoken word recognition. Proceedings of the 2002 Meetings of the Cognitive Science Society.
  • Magnuson, J.S., Tanenhaus, M.K., Aslin, R.N. & Dahan, D. (1999). Spoken word recognition in the visual world paradigm reflects the structure of the entire lexicon. Proceedings of the Twenty-First Annual Conference on the Cognitive Science Society, LEA Press.
  • Magnuson, J.S., Dahan, D. Allopenna, P.D., Tanenhaus, M.K. & Aslin, R.N. (1998). Using an artificial lexicon and eye movements to examine the development and microstructure of lexical dynamics. In M.Gernsbacher (Ed). Proceedings of the 20th annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society: LEA Press
  • Chambers, C., Tanenhaus, M.K., Eberhard, K.E., Carlson G. & Filip, H. (1998). Words and worlds. M.Gernsbacher (Ed). Proceedings of the 20thAanuual conference of the Cognitive Science Society. LEA Press.
  • Allopenna, P.D., Magnuson, J.S. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (1997). Tracking the time course of spoken word recognition. Proceedings of the 19th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Allopenna, P. D, Magnuson, J.S. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (l996). Watching spoken language comprehension: Using eye movements to trace lexical access. Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Sedivy, J.C., Tanenhaus, M.K., Spivey-Knowlton, M.J., Eberhard, K.E. & Carlson, G.N. (l996) Contrast and reference: A model-based study of processing. Proceedings of the workshop on focus. Amherst: Mass: GLSA Press.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K., Spivey-Knowlton, M.J., Eberhard, K.M. & Sedivy, J.C., Allopenna, P. D. & Magnuson, J. S. (l996). Eye-movements and spoken language comprehension. Proceedings of the 34th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics.
  • Hanna, J.E., Spivey-Knowlton, M.J. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (l996). Integrating discourse and local constraints in resolving lexical thematic ambiguities. Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Tabor, W., Juliano, C.J. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (l996). A dynamical system for language processing. Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Spivey-Knowlton, M.J, Tanenhaus, M.K., Eberhard, K,M. & J. & Sedivy, J.C. (l995). Eye-movements accompanying language and action in a visual context: Evidence against modularity. In J.D. Moore & J.F. Lehman (Eds.). Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Sedivy, J.C., Tanenhaus, M.K., Spivey-Knowlton, M.J., Eberhard, K.E. & Carlson, G.N. (l995). Using intonationally-marked presuppositional information in on-line language processing: Evidence from eye movements to a visual model. In: J.D. Moore & J.F. Lehman (Eds.). Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Burgess, C., Tanenhaus, M.K. & Hoffman, M. (1994). Parafoveal and semantic effects on syntactic ambiguity resolution. Proceedings of Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 96-99. Hillsdale, NJ: LEA Press.
  • Spivey-Knowlton, M.J., Sedivy, J.C., Eberhard, K.M. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (1994). Psycholinguistic study of the interaction between language and vision. AAAI-94 Workshop Proceedings on the Integration of Natural Language and Vision Processing.
  • Spivey-Knowlton, M.J. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (1994). Immediate effects of discourse and semantic context in syntactic processing: Evidence from eye-tracking. Proceedings of Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 812-817. Hillsdale, NJ: LEA Press.
  • Juliano, C. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (1993). Contingent frequency and syntactic ambiguity resolution. Proceedings of the 15th Annual Meetings of the Cognitive Science Society. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates
  • Halpern, A., Mauner, G. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (1993). Priming to structural and conceptual verb phrase anaphora. Proceedings of the Northeastern Linguistics Society Meetings.
  • Burgess, C. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (l992). Orthographic and semantic similarity in auditory rhyme decisions. Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Cognitive Science Society Meetings. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Mauner, G., Tanenhaus, M.K. & Carlson, G.N. (l992). Implicit argument inferences in online comprehension. Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Cognitive Science Society Meetings. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Trueswell, J.C. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (l992). Consulting temporal context during sentence comprehension: Evidence from the monitoring of eye movements in reading. Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Cognitive Science Society Meetings. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Lucas, M.M., Tanenhaus, M.K. & Carlson, G.N. (1987). Inferences in sentence comprehension: The role of constructed representations. Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Cognitive Science Society Meetings. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K., Burgess, C., Hudson-D'Zmura, S.B. & Carlson, G.N. (1987). Thematic roles in language processing. Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Cognitive Science Society Meetings, 587-596. Hillsdale, NJ: LEA Press.
  • Hudson, S.B., Tanenhaus, M.K. & Dell, G.S. (1986). The effect of discourse center on the local coherence of a discourse. Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Cognitive Science Society Meetings, 96-101. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K. & Carlson, G.N. (1986). Processing verb phrase anaphors. Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Cognitive Science Society Meetings, 90-94. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K. & Carlson, G.N. (1985). Processing deep and surface anaphors. Proceedings of the Northeastern Linguistics Society Meetings.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K., Stowe, L.A. & Carlson, G.N. (1985). The interaction of lexical expectation and pragmatics in parsing filler-gap constructions. Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Cognitive Science Society Meetings.
  • Carlson, G.N. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (1984). Lexical meanings, structural meanings and concepts. Proceedings of the Chicago Linguistic Society Meetings.
  • Hudson, S.B. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (1984). Lexical ambiguity resolution in the absence of contextual bias. Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Cognitive Science Society Meetings.
  • Carlson, G. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (1982). Some preliminaries to psycholinguistics. Proceedings of Chicago Linguistic Society Meetings, 48-60. Chicago: Chicago Linguistics Society.
  • Sedivy, J.E., Carlson, G.N., Tanenhaus, M.K., Spivey-Knowlton, M.J. & Eberhard, K.M. (l994). The cognitive function of contrast sets in processing focus constructions. Working Papers of the IBM Institute for Logic and Linguistics.
  • Seidenberg, M.S. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (1980). Chronometric studies of lexical ambiguity resolution. Proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of the Association in Computational Linguistics, 155-157.
  • Seidenberg, M.S. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (1977). Psychological constraints on grammars: On trying to put the real back in "psychological reality." Papers from the Thirteenth Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society, 180-193. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society.
  • Carroll, J.M. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (1975). Prolegomena to a functional theory of word formation. In R. Grossman, J. San & T. Vance (Eds.), Papers from the Parasession on Functionalism, 47-62. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K. & Carroll, J.M. (1975). The clausal processing hierarchy.. and nouniness. In R. Grossman, J. San & T. Vance (Eds.), Papers from the Parasession on Functionalism, 499-511. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society.

Encyclopedia Essays, Commentaries, and Reviews

  • Brown-Schmidt, S.B. & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2004). Priming and alignment: Mechanism or consequence? Brain and Behavioral Sciences.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K. (2003). Language comprehension. In W. Frawley (ed.) Oxford International encyclopedia of linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Tanenhaus, M. K. (2002). Sentence processing. In L. Naidel (ed.). Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press/Nature Publishing.
  • Tanenhaus, M. K. (2002). Eye movements. In L. Naidel (ed). Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press/Nature Publishing.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K., Magnuson, J.S., McMurray, B. & Aslin, R.N. (2000). No compelling evidence against feedback in spoken word recognition. Brain and Behavioral Sciences.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K. & Sedivy, J.C. Ambiguity. (1998). MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K. (1991). Language comprehension. In W. Bright (Ed.), Oxford International encyclopedia of linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Tanenhaus, M.K. (1981). In honor of Eric Lenneberg, Review of psychology and biology of language and thought. G. A. Miller & E. Lenneberg (Eds.). Contemporary Psychology, 26, 252-253.

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Research Collaborators

  • James F. Allen, Dept. of Computer Science, University of Rochester
  • Jennifer E. Arnold, Dept of Psychology, University of N. Carolina, Chapel Hill
  • Richard N. Aslin, Dept of Brain & Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester
  • Sarah Brown-Schmidt, Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Greg N. Carlson, Dept. of Linguistics, University of Rochester
  • Delphine Dahan, Dept. of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania
  • Christine Q. Gunlogson, Dept. of Linguistics, University of Rochester
  • Mary Hare, Dept of Psychology, Bowling Green State University
  • James S. Magnuson, Dept. of Psychology, University of Connecticut
  • Joyce M. McDonough, Dept. of Linguistics, University of Rochester
  • Bob McMurray, Dept of Psychology, University of Iowa
  • Ken McRae, Dept of Psychology, University of Western Ontario
  • Jeffrey T. Runner, Dept. of Linguistics, University of Rochester
  • Duane Watson, Dept. of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

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Research Support

The National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation have supported this research.

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Courses

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Current Students

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